Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs) are non-contagious diseases, also known as chronic diseases. Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading cause of death, and also one of the greatest health and development concerns we all are facing today as worldwide. NCDs claim the lives of 41 million people each year, accounting for 71% of all deaths worldwide.
Genetic, physiologic, environmental, and behavioral are factors that cause NCDs. Therefore, people of all age groups, regions, and countries can all be affected by NCDs. Although, more than 15 million fatalities related to NCDs occur between the ages of 30 and 69, and mostly occur in low- and middle-income countries, according to data. Rapid unplanned urbanization, globalization of unhealthy lifestyles, and population ageing are all driving reasons behind these diseases. The modifiable behaviors that increase the risk of NCDs are including physical inactivity, an unhealthy diet, and the harmful use of alcohol and tobacco.
Four major metabolic changes that would increase the risk of NCDs including
- high blood pressure
- overweight / obesity
- high blood glucose levels
- high levels of fat in the blood
Main types of NCDs are including
- cardiovascular diseases (heart attacks and stroke)
- chronic respiratory diseases (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma)
Reducing risk factors on the behavior of taking unhealthy diets, alcohol and tobacco use, and physical inactivity would be the main key to reduce your risk from NCDs. Also regular yearly medical check-up can help you avoid a variety of ailments and detect your health condition in the early stage for further plan of the right treatments.